It is easy to cause perforation of eardrum by slapping and cutting ears

2022-08-06 0 By

The eardrum, or what doctors call the tympanic membrane, is a layer of thin film located in the deepest part of the ear.The wing-thin eardrum, about the size of your thumbnail, seals the depth of the ear bud and separates the outer auditory canal from the middle ear.Prevents water, foreign matter from entering the middle ear through the ear bud.The main function of the eardrum is to transmit sound. When the sound from the outside enters the inner ear through the external auditory canal, the eardrum needs to vibrate. This vibration drives the ossicular chain behind the eardrum to vibrate the sound into the inner ear.Although the eardrum (eardrum) is hidden deep inside the ear, it can easily rupture due to external forces or inflammation, known as perforation, according to a doctor from the Otolaryngology head and neck surgeon at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi ‘an Jiaotong University.Common causes of ear perforation include slapping, pulling out the ear, water in the ear, foreign body insertion, middle ear infection, and middle ear tumors.The eardrum is used to conduct sound. Hearing is often reduced when the eardrum is broken.Early tympanic membrane perforation, perhaps hearing loss is not obvious, and there will not even be any discomfort, but as time goes by, the lack of protection of the tympanic membrane, the middle and inner ear will be affected, there will be gradual hearing loss and even tinnitus, and even secondary chollipatoma.Eardrum perforation is equivalent to our home doors and Windows broken, if not repaired in time, in the short term is dust debris will fly in, not cause a big impact, but if the wind and rain these bad weather, then the rain will enter, furniture is very easy to break.Acute perforation of the eardrum will heal on its own in most cases.If more than a month, the probability of self-healing is low, at this time, the need for eardrum repair surgery.Repairing the eardrum early protects the middle ear from sustained hearing loss caused by repeated infections that damage the structure of the middle and inner ear.For many long-term perforation, hearing has been relatively poor eardrum perforation, the eardrum repair can not only improve the quality of life, but also help to protect the residual hearing, for the future to wear hearing aid to create conditions.It is understood that with the progress of minimally invasive surgical instruments and techniques of ear endoscopy, the vast majority of ear membrane repair can be performed with minimally invasive surgery of ear endoscopy.Patients can choose general or local anesthesia according to their condition.This operation does not need a haircut, completely in the ear hole operation, basically no incision, short operation time, high success rate, almost no pain after the operation, the second day can be discharged, normal work and study.Xi ‘an Newspaper all media reporter Wang Chao Zhang Lina statement: the copyright of this article belongs to the original author, if there is a source error or infringement of your legitimate rights and interests, you can contact us through the mailbox, we will promptly deal with.Email address: jpbl@jp.jiupainews.com