How does the ancient competitive spirit of China and Greece reflect reality?Q | things

2022-08-01 0 By

The ancient “state of ceremonies” between China and Greece, the modern Olympic spirit and the future of mutual learning between diverse civilizations are bringing more understanding and the possibility of peace and friendship to a world beset by conflicts from the three dimensions of history, present and future.Source: China news service author: Chen Rong female Beijing language and culture university, director of the institute of comparative literature full-text word count: 2471 is expected to read time: 8 minutes between China and Greece is an ancient country with civilization for thousands of years of history, the ancient civilization embodied in the two countries respective etiquette culture, and the formation of bilateral etiquette and its system and ancient origin of competitive sports.In the Axial Age (800-200 BC), both China and Ancient Greece had etiquette systems and value concepts related to competition, some of which were accompanied by competition and competitive spirit.They have become a special historical form bearing the core of ancient civilization and “the state of etiquette”. The etiquette and righteousness are carried by etiquette, and “inner cultivation” is given shape by “outer reach”.The rethinking of Chinese and Greek etiquette culture and competitive spirit not only belongs to the historical cognition, but also reflects the current reality on the occasion of the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympic Games.According to the Analects of Confucius, he mentioned archery many times when talking about the importance of archery.The Master said, “The superior man, having no quarrel, must also shoot!Padlock and rise, and drink.Its contention is a gentleman.”Judging from The words of Confucius, shooting ceremony has the nature of competition, so it changes from “no fight” to “fight”, but from “let rise” to “drink”, the focus is on the cultivation of “gentleman” character, even in competition also pay attention to modesty and etiquette.The analects of Confucius’ discussion on archery not only recognizes that it is a necessary skill for a gentleman, but also recognizes that it is not a competition of skill and strength, but the cultivation of moral character.The formation of these views cannot be separated from the historical context of China.”Rural Archery ceremony” at the Confucian Temple in Suzhou, Jiangsu Province.It is understood that “rural archery Ceremony” arose in the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States Period. It is a kind of archery competition with ceremonial nature, which is held in spring and autumn every year.In the historical materials of sports in ancient China, there were five competitive events, namely Juedi, walking and running, riding, cuju and archery.Archery originated from the primitive hunting culture, the most direct source is shooting birds and birds.From archery to shooting ceremony, shooting from hunting, enthronement to cultural shooting is a long-term development process.In the Western Zhou Dynasty, archery competition evolved into a means of deterring princes and exercising central power.For example, it is recorded in jininscriptions that the emperor of Zhou often held archery competitions to test the archery skills of vassals, and more importantly, whether vassals were loyal to the Zhou royal family.Archery/archery ceremony is also a noble education, one of the six arts of “ceremony, music, archery, charioteering, calligraphy and mathematics” (the “archery” here is mostly a military archery technique).This kind of noble training “through the five classics and six arts” to the Spring and Autumn Period became “scholar” gentleman cultivation way.In the Spring and Autumn Period, the Confucian archery ritual was further supplemented and perfected.In terms of “the analects” and the “rites”, Confucius era, archery is not only to follow “the ancient way”, and to channel aggressive instinct in physical competition, when archery nejd is, outside the body straight, pay attention to the virtue of the gentleman of the unification of the internal and external in the science of uniting the etiquette, emphasizes the “gentleman”, morality first, shooting skills second.The thought of “aiming at propriety and observing virtue” has exerted a great influence on later generations, thus laying the basic outline of the core and extension of Chinese etiquette culture. It is closely related to the formation of Chinese traditional sports ethics thoughts such as justice, benevolence and friendliness, which have also been influencing the development of contemporary Chinese sports.In October 2021, the men’s archery competition of the 11th National Para Games and the 8th Special Olympics was held in Xi ‘an, Shaanxi Province.It is generally accepted that the Olympic Games began in 776 BC. Since then, competitive sports have played a comprehensive role in ancient Greek society and culture.The four panhellenic rodeos, along with Those of Pito, Istemi (also known as the Isthmus) and Emei, gradually developed into “periodic, standardized, panhellenic, and constantly augmented events” until the Roman emperor abolished the Olympian Rodeos in 393 AD.A model of the ancient Olympia arena.The ancient Greek games had four prominent features: competition of strength, fair competition, honor of victory and worship of the gods.The sports of the rodeo are almost always related to the use of strength, such as running, wrestling, and horse racing.The ancient Greeks highly valued displays of strength in athletics, and even held separate competitions for women.For example, at the Hera Festival in Olympia, there was a women’s race.The ancient Greek games also advocated fair play, an idea that continues to the modern Olympics.Those who cheated in the competition were severely punished and paid a large fine, which was used to make the statue of Zeus.The winner of the rodeo received great honors, but more of a spiritual honor (such as wearing a crown of olive branches) than a material reward.The Greek word agon means “to compete for a prize.”The Olympic Games included a sacrifice to Zeus.In the eyes of the Ancient Greeks, religious ceremonies and competitions were two sides of the same coin.This was the origin of the modern Olympic fire ceremony.In March 2008, Beijing 2008 Olympic Flame gathering ceremony held in the ancient Olympia arena, the high priestess received the boy offered olive branch.Three gods were often placed in the ancient Greek arena (the usual place for sports training).Hercules ruled power, Eros the god of love in friendship, and Hermes the god in eloquence.This means that ancient Greek sports (including competitions and daily training) were designed to produce people who were physically, mentally and intellectually superior.In physical strength, intelligence and eloquence in the pursuit of excellence, is a kind of general education, cultivate traditional etiquette culture and civilization of ancient Greek, its influence with the expanding of the Roman empire conquered the regional, extended to the whole Mediterranean region, and from the 8th century BC until the 4th century AD, long-term radiation and influence of western concepts of social and personal behavior.The sports and competition system of ancient Greece constructed a whole set of competitive spirit and value culture, which not only reflected the social concept at that time, but also helped to shape the Olympic motto of “Swifter, Higher, Stronger — More united” and the modern sports spirit of fair competition, friendship first and competition second.The Olympic motto badge unveiled by the Beijing Olympic Winter Games Organizing Committee.To understand the competitive spirit and historical form of the two great civilizations is to build a future-oriented modern multi-civilization and move toward win-win cooperation through mutual learning.The world is rich and colorful. Diversity is the charm of human civilization and the source of vitality and driving force for world development, President Xi Jinping said at a meeting commemorating the 50th anniversary of China’s restoration of its lawful seat in the United Nations.”Unless the beauty of a hundred, can not become one wonder.”At present, with the vigorous development of modern sports, the Olympic spirit and the ancient competitive spirit of China and Greece are not separated from each other, but inherited, connected and innovated.For example, biathlon, one of the seven sports at the Beijing Games, combines cross-country skiing with rifle shooting and requires competitors to lie down or stand up after each distance before being ranked based on overall performance.If you look at it from another perspective, “biathlon” is vaguely the modern transformation of shooting competition between China and Greece since ancient times.As Winter Olympic sports, they highlight the spirit of solidarity.Biathlon consists of team events, which require teamwork rather than individual skiing and shooting skills.”More United” reminds athletes of all countries to remember unity, friendship and cooperation when they compete.Athletes train at the National Biathlon Center in Zhangjiakou for the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympic Games, Feb 2, 2022.China and Greece, as two ancient civilizations, should cooperate for a long time in the building of a modern civilized world, speak together, pool the competitive spirit of both good traditional genes and modern vitality, and promote the permanent and peaceful development of human civilization.In the long run, the modern Olympic Games seek the Olympic spirit of “mutual understanding, enduring friendship, solidarity and fair play”.Drawing on the ancient cultural traditions of China and Greece will help further enrich the communication between the ancient and modern Olympic spirit and actively build a sound international social environment and a community with a shared future for mankind.The ancient “state of ceremonies” between China and Greece, the modern Olympic spirit and the future of mutual learning between diverse civilizations are bringing more understanding and the possibility of peace and friendship to a world beset by conflicts from the three dimensions of history, present and future.Expert Profile:Chen Rongnv, Ph.D., professor, doctoral supervisor, and postdoctoral co-supervisor of Beijing Language and Culture University, is currently the chief expert of major Projects of National Social Science Foundation, director of The Institute of Comparative Literature of Beijing Language and Culture University, and editor-in-chief of contemporary Comparative Literature.Her main academic research areas are western classical literature, cross-cultural drama, comparative literature, etc.He has published more than 70 papers in authoritative academic journals at home and abroad, including Women and Eros: Ancient Greece and the World, Homer’s World: Modern Interpretation and Comparison, Simer and Modernity, and translated monetary Philosophy and Xenophon’s Translation notes.The whole Internet is concerned about whether he is cold or not!Revelation!The children singing on stage turned out to be…This is the Romance of the Chinese!