General Secretary’s Concern for food security

2022-06-02 0 By

Spring breeze, fertile fields recovery.In the Yellow River Delta agricultural high-tech Industry demonstration zone in Dongying city, Shandong Province, an unmanned farm machine moves “da da” and a plow share moves the soil.On October 21 last year, General Secretary Xi Jinping came here to inspect the growth of soybean, alfalfa, quinoa and green manure crops.The general secretary went into the field, bent down, picked a pod, peeled a bean, chewed it in his mouth and said, “Beans grow very well.”The country is agriculture-oriented and the people are food-oriented.With successive years of bumper grain harvests, new challenges have emerged: we have said goodbye to the trouble of “insufficient food”, but also encountered structural problems, such as periodic oversupply and insufficient supply.How to resolve supply-side structural problems in rice, wheat, corn and soybeans?Xi Jinping, general Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC), has pointed out the trend: “The rice bowl of the Chinese people should be firmly in their own hands at all times, and the rice bowl should mainly be filled with Chinese grain.”Grain by grain, rice and beans express general Secretary’s deep feelings for agriculture, rural areas and farmers, and show his deep concern for the rice bowl of China.Keep in mind your entrust, not spring.A farm machine Benz, a ridge seeding.All regions and government departments are making structural and product adjustments in line with the market, eliminating ineffective supply, increasing effective supply and expanding high-end supply.According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, summer crops should be kept stable throughout the year, and soybean and oil-increasing materials should be expanded to ensure the grain sown area of 1.76 billion mu this year.Adjusting grain varieties to ensure stable grain production and supply when needed is not only a matter of quantity, but also a matter of structure.Songliao plain is the “golden corn belt” and the “hometown of soybean”.Spring breeze blows the black earth.On July 22, 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping looked at the core demonstration area of the National Standard Production Base for green food Raw materials (corn) in Lishu County, Jilin Province.”The year before last, I saw rice in Jiansanjiang, Heilongjiang. This time, I came to see corn.”General Secretary Xi Jinping talks about the purpose of his trip.”Now we talk about food security, in fact, food security”;”On the basis of ensuring national food security, focus on optimizing the industrial product mix”;”To ensure food security, the key is to maintain food production capacity and ensure that food can be produced and supplied when needed.”…………………One survey after another, and one important speech after another, the path of grain structural adjustment has become clearer.Steady grain supply, so that the “rice bag” bulging.With the goal of stabilizing grain supply and corn, all localities have made every effort to strengthen field management and protection.Agricultural and rural departments strengthened late sowing of wheat to promote weakness and turn it into strength, increased the acreage planted to spring wheat and steadily increased the acreage planted to early rice, and adopted a combination of measures to ensure that grain output remained above 500 million metric tons.Dig the potential to expand the area, so that the shortage of varieties.Solid expansion of soybean oil.Local governments should make adequate supplies of seeds, fertilizers and other agricultural materials, strengthen guidance on agricultural techniques and techniques, and constantly improve the quality and efficiency of agricultural supply systems.The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs proposed that the area of soybean oil should resume to increase this year.This year, we will support an additional 15 million mu of land in the northwest, Huang-Huai-Hai, southwest China and the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River.Continue to promote winter rape, spring rape, peanut, oil sunflower, sesame and other oil varieties.On the supply side, the deep-seated problems facing grain production are being solved.At the Rice-fishing Space rural Eco-tourism Park in Helan County, Ningxia, President Xi Jinping nodded his approval: “There are not only ‘primary production’, but also ‘secondary production’ and ‘tertiary production’. The utilization efficiency of water resources has improved, and the added value has also come up.”In the Sanjiang River Administration Bureau of Heilongjiang Agricultural Reclamation and Construction, there are a variety of local agricultural products, such as rice, oil, soy milk, etc. General Secretary Xi Jinping inspected them one by one and stressed that the Rice bowl of the Chinese people should be firmly in their hands at all times.General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out the direction for deepening grain supply-side structural reform: “To ensure food security, we should accelerate the transformation of agricultural development mode and promote agricultural modernization. We should not only achieve the immediate stability of grain output, but also form new competitiveness, pay attention to sustainability and enhance policy precision.””We should give full play to our own advantages, seize the core competitiveness of grain, extend the grain industry chain, upgrade the value chain and build supply chains, and constantly improve the quality, efficiency and competitiveness of agriculture, so as to realize the unification of food security and modern and efficient agriculture.”A field of “addition and subtraction” become the theme of spring ploughing.Production to green, “tip of tongue” safer.Green and efficient grain production.As of last year, the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides had seen negative growth for five consecutive years, and 97.6 percent of agricultural products were up to standard in quality and safety monitoring.This year, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs put forward that it will continue to do a good job in reducing the amount of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.Quality to the best, even in the field workshop.The “big granaries” are connected to the “big kitchens”, where high-quality grain is grown to support people’s high-quality lives.The high-quality grain project has been carried out. Up to now, 236 “China’s high-quality grain and oil” products have been selected, directly contributing to the increase of over 50 million tons of high-quality grain.The brand is brighter and the value chain is longer.More and more high-quality grain and oil brands are on the dining tables of residents to meet diversified and personalized consumer needs.During the 14th Five-Year Plan period, a number of leading grain enterprises with their main business income exceeding 10 billion yuan and well-known grain and oil brands with market competitiveness will be formed, and the increase in quality grain will increase at an average annual rate of more than 10%.The fields take on a new look.We will continue to focus on supply-side structural reform in agriculture, shift agriculture from increasing production to improving quality, make agriculture more innovative, competitive, and total factor productivity, and improve the quality and efficiency of the supply system.We should adjust the system to ensure that grain farmers do not suffer economic losses. We should adjust the structure and ensure that farmers’ interests are not reduced.”Food security is an important basis for national security. We need to innovate the mode of grain production and operation, optimize production technology and measures, implement supportive policies, protect farmers’ enthusiasm for growing grain, and increase the efficiency of grain production.”Realize that farmers produce grain and increase their income go hand in hand, so that farmers who grow grain will not suffer economic losses, and large grain counties will not suffer financial losses”;”In developing rural industries, we must give prominence to the principal position of farmers and always give priority to protecting their interests”;…………………Every word is full of the sincere friendship of the general Secretary to the peasant masses.Good policies have been implemented in the fields to give grain farmers more ambition.– Policies have been intensified to ensure food and agriculture’s best efforts.Precise subsidies, technical guidance, opening up sales…Various localities have introduced a combination of measures, so that farmers have stable expectations.This year, agricultural and rural departments will coordinate the implementation of subsidies for corn and soybean producers and subsidies for rice, and expand crop rotation.Set up an expert steering group for soybean oil production capacity improvement Project;We have compiled and printed 100,000 copies of the guide for strip planting of soybeans and corn, which have been distributed to 16 provinces.- High quality and high price, the power to grow grain.High quality and high price will activate farmers’ enthusiasm for “optimization”.The mechanism for setting grain prices has been gradually improved. All regions and departments have actively encouraged diversified market entities to make purchases in the market, deepened cooperation in production and marketing, promoted purchase orders, and created a pattern of “large markets and large circulation”.– The “head” takes the lead and leads the peasants to earn.More and more “farm nannies” have emerged, leading farmers to work and earn, and providing professional socialized services through grain orders, land trust and land circulation, so as to bring small farmers into the modern grain industry.At present, there are 2.23 million legally registered farmer cooperatives nationwide, accounting for nearly half of the country’s rural households, and over 950,000 socialized agricultural service organizations of various types.With the footsteps of spring, spring farming is carried out from south to north in an orderly manner.We will continue to follow the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, spare no effort to seize more agricultural time, make solid structural adjustments, and make new and greater contributions to ensuring China’s rice bowl.(Reporters Wang Hao, Chang Qin, Zhu Dawei, Li Rui)