Seiichi Kuna: Sole commander of the 22nd Army of the Invading Japanese army in China
Cavalry general, long time, cheng will be the Japanese invaded China, a former cavalry divisions of staff 8, 4 LvTuanChang, in north Korea’s army chief of staff, and other military division of 18 and 22 of the army commander, who took part in the attack, the Great Wall is a line of operations, led by 18 divisions to capture the town of guangzhou, southern China, he is also the Japanese army’s only 22 commander.Seiichi Kuna was born on March 4, 1887, graduated from the 18th Cavalry Division of the Army Academy on November 25, 1905, and entered the 26th Division of the Army College on December 12, 1911.And toward the sweet palace dohiko king, Dongjiu Palace Minuhiko king, Ando Richiji, Tsukamada attack, Sawada Shigeru, Mountain waki Masalong, Imai Qing, Fujianghui suke, River and other students, the period in November 27, 1914 graduation, its graduation results for “excellent”, so into the period “saber group”.Army big school “saber group” from August 1, 1929, for a long time, if a return to the army big school as a military instructor, after three years and was transferred to the army narashino cavalry school as a military instructor, cavalry in the Japanese army’s development process, is a very special existence, almost every divisions assigns the cavalry regiment, even late in the second world war,Japan constantly set up new divisions to cope with the use of troops in various battlefields, and did not give up the allocation of cavalry. Although cavalry resources were insufficient in the later period, a cavalry brigade was still configured in the division, which can be seen from the Japanese army’s great love for cavalry arms.On March 18, 1933, for a long time, if one was assigned the eighth division chief of staff, for division head west righteousness will, when it reached the Japanese kwantung army to flare, the northeast has fallen, “jehol battle” is just ended, but the Japanese occupation of the four northeastern provinces, not content with it in north China began to covet, constantly creates,The trend of taking Peiping and Tianjin was very obvious, so as to force the Chinese government to recognize the establishment of “Manchukuo” and legitimize the international status of “Manchukuo”. Of course, the Chinese government could not take the initiative to give up the sovereignty of northeast China, so a large number of troops were transferred to the Shanhaiguan Great Wall for defense, which kicked off the Great Wall War.Japanese forces to the Great Wall is a line of sports since the jehol fall, after the Japanese kwantung army headquarters will be part of the divisions, HunChengLv group, such as force, to advance along the Great Wall near each pass, one west righteousness of 8 divisions located in chengde, the Great Wall in gubei esrtuary regions, when long, honestly the assisted the west a righteous led the eighth divisions, from gubeikou direction after the battle,Zeng occupied Xinglong, Malan, Huangya and other places, and attacked the Southern Tianmen from the front.Along the Great Wall 400 kilometers from Gubeikou to Shanhaiguan, the Japanese Kwantung Army attacked and advanced with the sixth division, the eighth division and a mixed brigade. Its forces were obviously insufficient. In order to seek reinforcement from the Japanese base camp, kuniaki Koji, then chief of staff of the Kwantung Army, even flew back to Tokyo to seek support on April 12, 1933.On May 10, 1933, the righteous one and long cheng led 8 main divisions, the Chinese military began to raid new ridge 17 army positions, after three days of fierce fighting, the town of stone box was occupied by the Japanese army, because of the three divisions 17 army lost and unable to fight again, hence gradually withdraw from the battlefield, the Japanese army divisions 8 occupied a cloud on May 19 morning,At this time Fu Zuoyi’s 59th army in Huairou, Shunyi area to build fortifications, and the eighth division launched a fierce battle, this is the last war since the Great Wall war.In the face of the local region has been in a crisis situation, the national government in north China’s top leaders yingqin, yellow Fu, dispatched negotiators Xiong Bin negotiations with the Japanese negotiators gang village rather times, and on May 31 in 1933 signed a “tanggu truce”, identified by a thread, for the Great Wall as the republic of China and the military demarcation line of “manchukuo”.The tanggu agreement negotiation site Great Wall shortly after the end of the war of resistance against Japan, the Japanese army divisions 8 being transferred to Japan, west the righteous one on March 5, 1934, moved to Tokyo garrison command commander, succeeded by nakamura filial piety aso will division head, a long time, if a began to assisted thing aso, west village in righteousness and a filial piety, later was promoted to army general.On March 15, 1935, Kuna Seiichi was transferred to narashino Army Cavalry School as a director. The “officer” in Japanese is similar to the “provost” in Chinese, which is to assist the principal in teaching management. During his tenure, he was promoted to major general on December 2, 1935, and was again transferred to the Kwantung Army as commander of the 4th Cavalry Brigade.Led by Major General Kennosuke Motegi, the brigade took part in the “Battle of Rehe” and attacked and captured chibeng, an important town in the North of the Country, in coordination with Masashi Sakamoto’s sixth Division.Occupation of chifeng Japanese cavalry on December 1, 1936, for a long time, if a transfer Japan’s ambassador to north Korea’s army chief of staff, for the commander zhao will be small components of the countries, the outbreak of the presidency has experienced “the July 7th incident”, in the Korean army under 20 divisions, in the heart of the divisions ChangChuan shore saburo wen, on July 19, 1937, taku bar from tianjin,It was the first integrated division to invade North China since Japan launched its full-scale war of aggression against China.On March 1, 1938, an army lieutenant general promotion of honesty, being transferred to Japan as charger added security, but only four and a half months, just in the same year was sent to China again on July 15, battlefield, replace the zhen male cattle island as the Japanese division head, 18 at the time the division has in hangzhou area, belonging to zhiwen expeditionary forces fighting sequences.Occupation of the Japanese long in hangzhou, if one serving as a division of 18, in wuhan during the battle, but 18 divisions is not Yu Dongjiu family house mori YanWang sequence of the second army combat, also do not belong to the gang village rather times 11 army battle sequence, but directly from the crown of the central China expeditionary forces command, was the commander shunroku hata general use as a strategic reserves.In the middle of August, 1938, in order to cut off the Chinese government in the south China international supply lines, and the Japanese camp began planning occupy town of guangzhou, southern China and founded the 21st September 7 military command, by furusho dry lang as commander, long a served as chief of staff, for a long time, if a sequence of 18 divisions was 21 army combat,The army is under the direct control of the Chief of Staff.At the end of September, 1938, for a long time, if one led by 18 divisions by sea from Shanghai south, assembled in penghu islands, on October 12, in the morning and three curtilage male of DiYiLingSi divisions from daya bay, and multiplexing attack, guangzhou, guangdong province’s top military chief executive director yu han, the then guangdong appeasement for led Chinese garrison resistance for more than a week alone defeated retreat,Guangzhou was captured on October 21, 1938.Guangzhou fall just before the fall of guangzhou, the Japanese had continued air strikes in guangzhou for 14 months, its bombing density after chongqing, until the fall of guangzhou, the guangzhou city has become the rubble with corpses piled up poor city, after the fall of guangzhou, for a long time, if a led 18 divisions he has for a long time in huiyang, guangdong province, as police and combat mission in south China,To cut off the international supply lines as the first operational task, prevent the international community to China’s lasting war of resistance “blood transfusion”.At that time, the 18th Division combat sequence is as follows: division commander General Kuna Seiichi, chief of staff Takeda Shou;The 23rd brigade commander, Major-General Hara Mamoru, the 55th infantry captain Nozoe Matsuke, the 56th infantry captain Nogou Mihiko;Major-general Sang Mingzhao Ji, commander of the 35th brigade, Totaro Nakajima, commander of the 114th infantry Regiment, Senior Colonel Ikizo, commander of the 124th infantry Regiment;The division has direct command of the 22nd squadron of cavalry, the 18th regiment of mountain artillery, the 12th regiment of engineers and the 12th regiment of baggage soldiers.Eighteenth division headquarters staff had a group photo taken in the middle of January, 1940, for a long time, if a led 18 divisions and sakura Tian Wu guards HunChengLv group from guangxi qinzhou, reinforcement and strengthening GuiNa aspects of the operation ability of the Japanese, soon after the Japanese began to launch a counterattack, 18 divisions by yong chun around the binyang, under the condition of the Chinese army in between Scylla and Charybdis, had to give up the kunlun pass,In order to avoid being besieged by The Chinese army again, the Japanese army also took the initiative to give up Kunlun Pass, Binyang, Shanglin, Wuming and other places, and withdrew to Nanning for defense.On February 10, 1940, for a long time, if a promotion to start-up the Japanese army commander, 22 became the first commander of the army, is also the last commander, if only one major general as his chief of staff, governs the village as well as the fifth divisions, sakura Tian Wu guards HunChengLv group and yantian seven HunChengLv group of Taiwan, the military deployed in guangxi nanning, the dragon boat and other regions,South China army under Ricoshi Ando.Are the rest of the Japanese army in September 1940, for a long time, if a led army evacuated from nanning, 22 in northern Vietnam, and on November 19, the Japanese stronghold to withdraw the army corps, 22, long time, cheng was moved chiefs as attached, the following January 20 on standby, and be moved to the end of reserve, was thoroughly terminated military career,Even after the Outbreak of the Pacific War, he was not redrafted.Kuna seiichi received a gold medal 鵄, grade 4, and a gold medal 鵄, grade 2, respectively. His military meritorious service was not bad, but he was enlisted in the reserve service because nakamura’s fifth Division invaded French Indochina (namely Vietnam) without authorization. At that time, Japan attempted to enter France in a “peaceful way”.Japanese Foreign Minister Yoyo Matsuoka is in talks with the French ambassador to Japan.The Japanese army occupied French Indochina, and Nakamura Led the fifth Division on September 22, crossed the border from Zhennan Pass without authorization, and had a military conflict with the French army. The original “peaceful entry” eventually evolved into “armed occupation”, which is also one of the three “xiasheng” events in the history of the Japanese army.As a result, the interests of France, Britain, the United States and other countries were directly threatened in Southeast Asia, which led to the implementation of economic sanctions against Japan, and finally led to the outbreak of the Pacific War.Mr. Kuna was not as lucky as Mr. Nakamura, who was able to bounce back with his connections after being demoted, and Mr. Kuna, who died on March 15, 1962, after an ill-fated stint in the reserve.